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Technology

Physics instead of Voodoo

SCHNERZINGERS INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT APPROACH

All our products have been developed on a purely scientific basis and are based exclusively on physical findings.

The spectacular sound improvements can be reproduced again and again - and are unmistakable.

SCHNERZINGER does not utilize any information or quantum applications.

A DECISIVE FOUNDATION &
SYNERGY

A DECISIVE FOUNDATION &
SYNERGY

Atomic Bonding

Time-intensive formatting processes lasting several months enable an outstanding and durable conductor material quality that clearly stands out from even the best cryogenically treated monocrystalline OCC conductor materials - in all sound-relevant criteria!

INVISIBLE, YET
SOUND DEFINING

INVISIBLE, YET
SOUND DEFINING

Giga Canceling

High frequency interferences are processed at high speed up to the three-digit giga range. With Giga Canceling an interference suppression signal effectively protects the environment from sound impairment caused by electrical interference fields.

BEST CHANNELING &
SIGNAL PROTECTION

BEST CHANNELING &
SIGNAL PROTECTION

Bidirectional Barrier

Interference fields emitted via the power grid, cables and components are consistently blocked or dissipated. In particularly critical environments, the effectiveness can be extensively enhanced with optional Schnerzinger cable accessories.

PERFECT BALANCE
BREATHTAKING SOUND

CABLE TECHNOLOGY

Unprecedented levels of sound can only be achieved with a perfect coordination of all components. By the synergetic combination of our key technologies ATOMIC BONDING, BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER and DIELECTRIC CHARGING as well as many more optimizations, we create cables that can raise the potential of your HiFi system to a degree unimagined before.

COMPLEX. UNRIVALED. UNIQUE.

OUR SOLUTION AT A GLANCE

COMPLEX. UNRIVALED. UNIQUE.
OUR SOLUTION AT A GLANCE

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ATOMIC BONDING

UNRIVALED CONDUCTOR QUALITY - PERFECT SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

The secret to SCHNERZINGER cable technology lies in what is termed ATOMIC BONDING. These time-intensive formatting processes, which take several months, achieve an outstanding and durable conductor material quality that once again clearly stands out in all sound-relevant criteria - even from the best cryogenically treated monocrystalline OCC conductor materials. ATOMIC BONDING. Durch diese zeitintensiven, mehrmonatigen Formatierungsprozesse wird eine überragende und dauerhafte Leitermaterialgüte erzielt, die sich in allen klangrelevanten Kriterien noch einmal deutlich – selbst von den besten cryogen behandelten monokristallinen OCC Leitermaterialien – abhebt.

THE LIMITS OF CONVENTIONAL CONDUCTOR PRODUCTION

To manufacture the conductor material in most audio cables, thick copper or silver strands are repeatedly drawn through so-called drawing dies until the wires are thin enough for further use. Every drawing process means enormous mechanical stress, which causes the crystalline grain structure of the wires to disintegrate into many crystals. In a sense, the audio signals have to find their way through many of these grain structures. The flow through the grain boundaries from grain to grain creates an enormous resistance potential every time, which is known to cause slowed signal transport.

A more complex casting process is therefore often used for higher-quality audio cables. Here, liquid copper or silver is continuously poured into molds (casting molds), creating longer grain structures. In the even more complex monocrystalline OCC or UPOCC (Ultra Pure Ohno Continuous Casting) processes, the molds are even heated and cooled down slowly to prevent the material from solidifying too quickly and to achieve the longest possible crystal structures. 

 The commonly accepted market practice (special castings, OCC, UPOCC, etc.) symbolically is to combine multiple single ice cubes to longer ice cube chains, to preferably create a monocrystalline structure with less sound damaging gaps. Though under motion, usually even directly after the manufacturing process, long structures quickly break open and fall apart, significantly reducing the theoretical benefit.

 

ATOMIC BONDING
INNOVATION OF CONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY

SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING takes a completely new approach. In a technologically extremely complex process, the focus is not on bonding individual ice cubes into the most closed, long-chain mono-structure possible, as is usually the case, but on crushing the cubes. This produces the smallest ice structure components, which can then be compacted into a stable, homogeneous ice mass with very high cohesive forces in the tube.

A compacted, fused mass of ice has a closed, extremely stable structure - with no gaps in between.

The result is the virtually loss-free transmission of information along with a significant increase in information density, thereby redefining audiophile parameters such as resolution, soundstage, dynamics and musicality.

BENEFITS OF ATOMIC BONDING

  • unrivaled approach to conductor treatment
  • Durable, extremely stable and compact microstructure of the conductors
  • unique conductive properties - limitless resolution & incredibly musical
  • maximum authentic signal transport compared to established casting methods
  • significant minimization of signal degrading grain boundary transitions
  • authentic sound without "tuning"
  • time-correct transmission of all frequencies
  • handles pulse-currents completely effortlessly

GIGA CANCELING

COMPREHENSIVE, UNIQUE, EFFECTIVE

Sound-impairing electrical interference fields are a decisive factor in the audio reproduction of your system. The negative effects of interference in the low frequency range, well into the gigahertz range, are often more present than you would think possible. It is almost unbelievable how strongly such interference fields can affect even the highest quality hi-fi setups. It is all the more impressive to experience how much sonic potential lies dormant in your system when these interference fields are effectively eliminated.

CONVENTIONAL INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSION TAKES ITS TOLL

Even the highest quality mains filters, power conditioners and battery solutions work with filters, capacitors, resistors, diodes, etc. These components absorb energy and release it with a time delay. This inevitably leads to a decrease in frequency bandwidth and speed. However, these factors are crucial for lively and authentic sound reproduction. The potential of your hi-fi system is therefore far from being fully exploited.

GIGA CANCELING - INTERFERENCE CLEARING OF THE FUTURE

Our developments are based on purely physical findings that made the groundbreaking GIGA CANCELING TECHNOLOGY possible. It is the result of years of intensive research. The consistent avoidance of compromised components and the effects up to the gigahertz range make our technology incomparably efficient. This makes the interference field elimination unique and an unrivaled solution on the market.

THE FUNCTIONAL PRINCIPLE OF GIGA CANCELING

SCHNERZINGER GIGA CANCELING operates by a receiving unit and a control unit:
The receiver unit picks up interference frequencies up to the gigahertz range from the environment, the control unit processes the received interference frequencies at high speed and emits them back into the environment in an offset manner. 

The precisely defined offset between received and re-emitted interference frequencies causes cancelation effects that minimize interfering fields sound impairment, without reducing speed and bandwidth of the audio signal at all. In addition, the functionality of radio-controlled devices is retained.

INDIVIDUAL AND FLEXIBLE

The bandwidth and clock rate of the GIGA CANCELING technology in our PROTECTORS are adjustable. This makes it possible to adapt to any interference field spectrum and to respond to individual hearing preferences. Changing the bandwidth extends or reduces the detection range, while changing the clock rate increases the processing speed.

The rule is: the narrower the bandwidth, the higher the efficiency - the smaller the detection range. The lower the clock rate, the higher the extinction rate - the less interference frequencies are detected.

An important health aspect:
GIGA CANCELING technology does not increase electromagnetic pollution in the room, as it just uses the existing interfering fields to reduce them by GIGA CANCELING. This does not create any electrosmog.

BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER

Consistent interference field protection
for unhindered signal transmission

The interference of interference fields via cables is an important and at the same time complex issue, which we pay a lot of attention to when developing our cables. To consistently protect the audio components, all SCHNERZINGER cables therefore have a double interference field protection - the bidirectional barrier.

WORKING PRINCIPLE

The external interference fields emitted via the power supply and cables are blocked and do not enter the signal path. The internal electrical interference fields caused by the hi-fi devices themselves or penetrated into the signal path by external cables are not transmitted to other hi-fi devices, but are diverted to the outside.

In case of very strong interference field loads, the effectiveness of the BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER can be increased for the cables of the RESOLUTION LINE for the cleaning of external interference fields by an optional power amplifier, the CABLE PROTECTOR

For the RESOLUTION LINE, SCHNERZINGER also offers the optional SIGNAL PROTECTOR, an effective power amplifier for diverting the internal interference fields that have penetrated the signal path to the outside.

Each SCHNERZINGER product operates independently.
The more consistently the interference field protection is built up with our products, the more amazing synergy effects are created.

The consistent use of SCHNERZINGER products creates a closed system in which the important bidirectional mechanism is not interrupted.

THE SECRET OF OUR

CABLE TECHNOLOGY

The intelligently combined application of SCHNERZINGER key technologies opens up an unrivaled and completely new transmission quality of audio signal and power cables.

The full speed signal transmission, cleared of electrical interfering fields, causes a previously unattainable naturalness, detail resolution and spatial representation and thus an unimaginable and incomparable realism of the music reproduction.

Thanks to the outstanding and durable conductor material quality, the unsurpassed dielectric, as well as the highly effective interfering field elimination, SCHNERZINGER CABLE realize loss-free information transmission, the density of which completely redefines audiophile parameters such as resolution, spatial representation, dynamics and musicality.

THE PROBLEM OF INTERFERENCE FIELDS IN CABLES

Due to the sharp increase in radio-controlled transmission technology (WLAN, mobile phones, etc.), the radio frequency load on your HiFi setup has increased significantly. This has an impact, especially on the cables used, as cables attract high-frequency interference fields.

Cable manufacturers therefore go to great lengths to compensate for the negative effects with shielding, filters etc.. Involuntarily, this compromises the potential of your system instead of specifically promoting it.

Our cable technologies therefore do not compensate for the effects of electrical interference fields, but instead specifically address their causes and origins.

HIFI SIGNAL PROTECTION BY SCHNERZINGER

unrivaled, comprehensive, highly effective

ATOMIC
BONDING

CONDUCTOR MATERIAL THAT REDEFINES AUDIOPHILE PARAMETERS

BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER

Innovative protection from penetrating interfering fields

DIELECTRIC
CHARGING

Perfect dielectric with ultimate transmission properties

BETTER SKIN

ABSOLUTELY COHERENT TRANSPORT OF ALL FREQUENCIES

BETTER FLOW

BEST MATERIAL TRANSITIONS, MINIMIZATION OF RESISTANCES AND RESONANCES

BETTER GEOMETRY

OPTIMALLY COORDINATED LADDER GEOMETRY

VYBRA STOP

EFFECTIVE REDUCTION OF MECHANICAL RESONANCES

RESONANCE CONTROL

EXCELLENT DISSIPATION OF UNAVOIDABLE RESONANCES

ANTIMAGNETIC

REDUCTION OF MAGNETISM TO AN ABSOLUTE MINIMUM

CRYO-FREE

NO DISADVANTAGES LIKE CRYOGENICALLY TREATED SIGNAL CONDUCTORS

ANTISTATIC SHELL

ANTISTATIC CABLE SHEATHING

VOODOO-FREE

SCIENTIFICALLY SOUND INNOVATION

Atomic Bonding

Compared to complex treatment of ultra-pure and long- and mono- crystalline OCC metal structures, this extremely complex formatting processes facilitates an exceptional quality of material: it enables not only a higher information density, but also a transmission performance, which in all relevant sound aspects dramatically departs from previous references and thus questions hitherto cable technologies.

  • Unrivaled approach to conductor treatment
  • Durable, extremely stable and compact microstructure of the conductors
  • Unique conductive properties - limitless resolution & incredibly musical
  • Maximum authentic signal transport compared to established casting methods
  • Significant minimization of signal-interfering grain boundary transitions
  • Authentic sound without "tuning"
  • Time-correct transmission of all frequencies
  • Processes pulse currents without any effort

UNRIVALED CONDUCTOR QUALITY - PERFECT SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

The secret of SCHNERZINGER cable technology lies in ATOMIC BONDING. This time-intensive formatting process, which takes several months, achieves an outstanding and durable conductor material quality that once again clearly stands out in all sound-relevant criteria - even from the best cryogenically treated monocrystalline OCC conductor materials.

 

THE LIMITS OF CONVENTIONAL CONDUCTOR PRODUCTION

To manufacture the conductor material in most audio cables, thick copper or silver strands are repeatedly drawn through so-called drawing dies until the wires are thin enough for further use. Every drawing process means enormous mechanical stress, which causes the crystalline grain structure of the wires to disintegrate into many crystals. In a sense, the audio signals have to find their way through many of these grain structures. The flow through the grain boundaries from grain to grain creates an enormous resistance potential every time, which is known to cause slowed signal transport.

A more complex casting process is therefore often used for higher-quality audio cables. Here, liquid copper or silver is continuously poured into molds (casting molds), creating longer grain structures. In the even more complex monocrystalline OCC or UPOCC (Ultra Pure Ohno Continuous Casting) processes, the molds are even heated and cooled down slowly to prevent the material from solidifying too quickly and to achieve the longest possible crystal structures. 
 The commonly accepted market practice (special castings, OCC, UPOCC, etc.) symbolically is to combine multiple single ice cubes to longer ice cube chains, to preferably create a monocrystalline structure with less sound damaging gaps. Though under motion, usually even directly after the manufacturing process, long structures quickly break open and fall apart, significantly reducing the theoretical benefit.

 

ATOMIC BONDING– INNOVATION DER LEITERTECHNOLOGIE

SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING takes a completely new approach. In a technologically extremely complex process, the focus is not on bonding individual ice cubes into the most closed, long-chain mono-structure possible, as is usually the case, but on crushing the cubes. This produces the smallest ice structure components, which can then be compacted into a stable, homogeneous ice mass with very high cohesive forces in the tube.

A compacted, fused mass of ice has a closed, extremely stable structure - with no gaps in between.

The result is the virtually loss-free transmission of information along with a significant increase in information density, thereby redefining audiophile parameters such as resolution, soundstage, dynamics and musicality.

Bidirectional
Barrier

Bidirectional
Barrier

By design each SCHNERZINGER cable builds a bidirectional barrier, without reducing signal bandwidth or signal speed at all: external interfering fields radiating from the power grid or the cables are blocked, internal interfering fields caused by the HiFi devices themselves are not transferred to other HiFi devices.

  • BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIERS in all Schnerzinger cables
  • Effective protection of the transported signal from irradiating interference fields
  • Blocks further transport and superposition of electromagnetic interference
  • Preserves the full sound potential and performance of HiFi components
  • Prevents the "antenna effect" of shielded audio cables on high frequency

CONSEQUENT INTERFERENCE FIELD PROTECTION FOR UNDISTURBED SIGNAL TRANSMISSION
The interference of interference fields via cables is an important and at the same time complex issue, which we pay a lot of attention to when developing our cables. To consistently protect the audio components, all SCHNERZINGER cables therefore have a double interference field protection - the BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER.

 

WORKING PRINCIPLE
The external interference fields emitted via the power supply and cables are blocked and do not enter the signal path. The internal electrical interference fields caused by the HiFi devices themselves or penetrated into the signal path by external cables are not transmitted to other HiFi devices, but are diverted to the outside.

In case of very strong interference field loads, the effectiveness of the BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER can be increased for the cables of the RESOLUTION LINE for the cleaning of external interference fields by an optional power amplifier, the CABLE PROTECTOR

For the RESOLUTION LINE, SCHNERZINGER also offers the optional SIGNAL PROTECTOR, an effective power amplifier for diverting the internal interference fields that have penetrated the signal path to the outside.

Di-Electric Charging

This technique was designed to avoid electron stream impairment, resulting from dielectric media. The DIELECTRIC CHARGING approach steps out the approach of the best-established insulating material by far. We talk about a time-consuming manufacturing process, to directly counteract the effect of insulating material to slow down and delay electron flow, instead of merely minimizing it by the use of better materials. The result even achieves better transmission properties than pure air.

  • Combination of air-filled material & DIELECTRIC CHARGING process.
  • Pristine sound & best dielectric properties
  • Unrestricted signal flow due to significantly minimized electronic memory effect
  • Production without material-damaging high-temperature processes
  • Absolutely stable insulation and durable oxidation protection

To prevent electrical short circuits between the wires, they must be insulated. The insulation material, also called dielectric, has an enormous influence on the transmission quality of audio cables. Pure air is theoretically the best dielectric, but it does not insulate. However, in the case of cables marketed in the audio sector with air or AIR insulation, for example, the individual conductor wires are provided with an insulating layer of varnish, which has significantly poorer dielectric values than PTFE, for example. In addition, this insulating layer is often applied using structurally damaging high-temperature processes, which often negatively affect the quality of the conductor's material structure. This is clearly not the case with SCHNERZINGER.

Our test runs utilizing various isolators – starting with best polyethylene PTFE, FEP, across foamed material, natural fabric, like unbleached cotton or silk up to extremely expensive and exotic approaches with costly inert gas and specifically deployed battery voltage - confirm the enormous importance of the often underestimated dielectric.  

However, the contradiction between high insulation on the one hand and lowest storage capacity on the other hand could not be solved so satisfactorily with any of these approaches that it did not lead to a limitation of the performance potential of the SCHNERZINGER SIGNAL CONDUCTOR.

Better SKIN

Isochronous transport across all frequency ranges is the SCHNERZINGER conductor construction objective. Traditional solid, bunched, foil or hollow conductor constructions favor the transmission of very specific frequency ranges in each case. Though these designs do not achieve changeless electrical conditions and the associated synchronistic transport of all signal frequencies. BETTER SKIN technology combines the merits of distinct designs, not accepting the downsides.

  • BETTER SKIN - optimizes the time-correct transmission of all audio frequencies
  • Perfect conductor cross-section - rhythmically enormously captivating, without tonal coloring
  • No "tuning", no "Hyper-HiFi" but pure and unadulterated information reproduction

SKIN EFFEKT- Frequency-dependent signal transport in the conductor

An important sound-relevant factor is the so-called skin effect. This can be explained in a very simplified way as follows: High frequencies flow near the surface, medium and low frequencies are oriented more towards the center of the conductor.

For a nearly lossless transport of high frequencies, often flat wire resp. foil conductor, hollow conductor or litz wire (often several distinct isolated strands with very small width) are disposed.

These constructions– having a large surface and a small core portion - favor the transport of high frequencies; but from our experience just this characteristic complicates the desired uniform transmission of low, mid and high frequencies. However or because of that, at first these constructions are often perceived as being more open and having with a higher resolution. In our book for a time correct, natural and not artificially accentuated presentation of the upper spectrum it’s of elementary importance, that all frequencies will be transported holistically. A few of these cable designs also tend to higher capacitance, whereon certain equipment combinations respond with unpredictable performance.

A performance displaced to higher frequencies may be perceived – as mentioned above – as more dynamic and three-dimensional and having higher resolution, but from our experience this is accountable for the so-called hyper hi-fi sound; soon the listener will be stimulated to yet another compensating action and so forth. 

BETTER FLOW eliminates unnecessary material changeovers, contact resistance and material resonances. This technique puts aside the usage of compromise afflicted alloying, which enduringly affects the conductivity of a pure signal conductor.

  • High-quality connection technology, minimizes sound-destroying material breaks
  • No "error compensation" of the cables due to insufficient conductor material quality
  • Selected connectors & components, separately treated conductive components

BETTER FLOW LEITERMATERIALGÜTE

Conventional untreated conductor material consists of many short crystalline grain structures, which furthermore conditional of manufacturing are laying in an inappropriate assembly. So to some extend the information has to find its diffuse way through many grain structures. Flowing through the grain boundary junctions from grain to grain implies an enormous resistance potential und thus causes a slowed down signal transmission. In addition information transmission virtually swirls in the grain boundary voids, so tones belonging together are time delayed and torn apart. Above all grain boundary voids allow deformations of the grain structure. This in turn may result in grain contact points, whose resonances may distort the information.

The SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING conductor material minimizes these sound-influencing effects by providing a permanently compact and enormously homogeneous microstructure of the conductor.

CONNECTOR - COMPONENTS, MATERIAL

Our research shows, that the parts performance potential is primarily determined by the crystalline structure of the deployed material rather than by the material itself. Performance deficits because of a non-optimum crystalline material structure of a connector plug may be compensated via clever actions.
With many connector plugs in the audio domain a layer of gold, silver, rhodium, palladium etc. will be added to the conducting material. This improves electrical contact and - via the distinct character of the particular plating - it furthermore allows for compensation of deficits.

But we strive for the solution, not just a compensation of a problem, so we employ connector plugs that are adjusted to the fabric of the SCHNERZINGER CONDUCTOR via the complex process ATOMIC BONDING. We disassemble all plugs into their individual parts and replace the contact pins by ATOMIC BONDING formatted pins. To perfectly protect the contact pins against interfering fields and to establish double operational reliability, the plug receives a two-shelled housing. To reduce contact resistance, after assembly plugs and conductor together will be ATOMIC BONDING processed once again.

Compared to the complexity and effect of these actions the significance of the original material characteristic is secondary.

The decision in favor of the now employed connector plugs was done after a multitude of comparisons utilizing the best respected plugs and sockets of the world market.

Price and reputation of the tested devices were of minor importance, as the costs of ATOMIC BONDING by far exceed the costs of expensive plugs.

We explicitly indicate, that - because of the structural adjustment of plugs and conductor material - any back fitting to other plugs will drastically degrade sound quality, thus irreparably destroy the SCHNERZINGER original connection.

Common conductor geometrics, e. g. binding, parallel and twist designs are afflicted with gains, but also with significant losses. BETTER GEOMETRY allows benefiting from the gains, thus minimizing the losses.

  • Uses the advantages of established designs without accepting their disadvantages
  • Perfect conductor cross-section - rhythmically enormously captivating, without tonal coloring
  • No braided fabrics made from statically problematic plastics
  • Avoidance of material-damaging heat processes

GEOMETRY - twisting, interlacing or parallel cable constructions

The design of a cable must be mechanically stable, create a homogeneous electromagnetic field between and around the conductors, and ensure the time-correct, and loss-free signal flow.

Efforts to use elaborate stranding and braiding techniques to counteract the problems of mutual interference often fail.

Twisted constructions reduce the susceptibility to interference, and typically result in a low inductance, which is usually targeted. However, as soon as current flows through a wire, its own electromagnetic field is generated. If the cores are twisted, the electromagnetic fields of the individual wires are close together over a large area, acting on each other and impairing the flow of electrons, which is why solid conductors are often used instead of stranded wires.

Braided constructions also typically reduce susceptibility to interference, but accept the effects of a constant but permanent change in the electrical environment of the individual conductors relative to each other, and it is this that leads to electromagnetic clutter, which in turn affects electron flow.

Parallel constructions with conductors running in parallel are not very resistant to external interference fields and favor the proximity effect, which also impairs the flow of electrons due to eddy currents that are generated.

To realize a full speed and even electron flow, the electrical parameters and the electromagnetic fields should remain constant and homogeneous across the entire cable length. The requirement of a mechanically stable design is often underrated, although this is an important factor in order to adhere to constant conditions.

In order to take full advantage of close-meshed interlocking constructions without accepting their electromagnetic problems, SCHNERZINGER relies on a combination of intelligent superstructures and revolutionary technology:

BETTER GEOMETRY uses a high-tech process to directly absorb electrosmog and virtually neglect resulting electromagnetic problems.

CABLE COATING – static problem catcher

Plastic fabric hoses are used by many manufacturers as outer sheathing. They look fancy, are inexpensive, and make manufacturing easier. But the fact is that the outer jacket definitely affects the sound quality of a cable.
In the case of plastics, for example, static charges can occur that impair electron transport. 

As a so-called "tuning measure", antistatic agents are then often offered as accessories to counteract the inadequacies of these materials.

We therefore deliberately dispense almost entirely with plastic fabric tubes, which may make a cable appear professionally manufactured, but in our opinion do not belong in a sonically consistent development chain.

Mechanical vibrations of signal conductors generate resonances, varying the electrical relationship between the conductors and smudging information. VYBRA STOP lessens mechanical vibrations of the current carrying conductors.

SCHNERZINGER does not apply cryogenical treatments. As a final stage special processes are used, to produce a more efficient and especially permanent and persistent effect.

  • No use of only temporarily improving and permanently damaging treatments of the conductor material
  • Durable and unrivaled material integrity of the conductors thanks to ATOMIC BONDING technology

Cryogenic processes used in the metal industry for decades have been marketed in the audio domain for some time now. The material to be treated is cooled down in professional, computer - controlled cryo - facilities in definite intervals to about -150 to -196°C and lower, staying at the trough, to subsequently raise the temperature again. In doing so nitrogen or even deeper cooling substances are used.

In our opinion the performance of these quite cheap cryo treatments shows an adequate price / value ratio, but as our test runs show, these treatments exploit only a fraction of the really attainable potential; they also seem to diminish over time.

We definitely advise against the common method of simply dipping the materials into a nitrogen filled container. Our experience shows that the material structure may break over time by such an „extreme chilling“; thus after an initial improvement the sound characteristic may harden more and more.

Thanks to the revolutionary approach of ATOMIC BONDING, SCHNERZINGER CABLES, on the other hand, are permanently convincing and without any potentially negative effects of the treatment on the microstructure quality of the conductor material.

While the VYBRA STOP technology is designed to prevent the development of disturbing resonances, the aim of RESONANCE CONTROL is to eliminate existing resonances by transforming them into areas that are not harmful to the sound.

Several special demagnetizing processes decrease the residual magnetism to a minimum.

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CABLE

POWER

BETTER SKIN - time-correct signal transport without electronic carry-over effect

The BETTER SKIN technology ensures an almost uniform flow of all frequencies due to the special surface coating within the SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING process, thus combining the advantages of different designs without accepting their disadvantages.

SKIN EFFEKT- Frequency-dependent signal transport in the conductor

An important sound-relevant factor is the so-called skin effect. This can be explained in a very simplified way as follows: High frequencies flow near the surface, medium and low frequencies are oriented more towards the center of the conductor.

For a nearly lossless transport of high frequencies, often flat wire resp. foil conductor, hollow conductor or litz wire (often several distinct isolated strands with very small width) are disposed.

These constructions– having a large surface and a small core portion - favor the transport of high frequencies; but from our experience just this characteristic complicates the desired uniform transmission of low, mid and high frequencies. However or because of that, at first these constructions are often perceived as being more open and having with a higher resolution. In our book for a time correct, natural and not artificially accentuated presentation of the upper spectrum it’s of elementary importance, that all frequencies will be transported holistically. A few of these cable designs also tend to higher capacitance, whereon certain equipment combinations respond with unpredictable performance.

A performance displaced to higher frequencies may be perceived – as mentioned above – as more dynamic and three-dimensional and having higher resolution, but from our experience this is accountable for the so-called hyper hi-fi sound; soon the listener will be stimulated to yet another compensating action and so forth. 

DIE VORTEILE DES SCHNERZINGER DIELEKTRIKUMS

SCHNERZINGER uses a special, air-filled material as dielectric, which - unlike PTFE or Teflon, for example - is applied to the wire while avoiding structurally damaging temperatures and yet is completely stable. Combined with the special SCHNERZINGER process of DIELECTRIC CHARGING, it shows better dielectric and sound properties than pure PTFE, FEP, cotton, linen, silk or even air.  In addition, it is absolutely leak-proof and thus offers reliable long-term protection of the conductors against oxidation....

DIELECTRIC

To prevent electrical short circuits between the wires, they must be insulated. The insulation material, also called dielectric, has an enormous influence on the transmission quality of audio cables. Pure air is theoretically the best dielectric, but it does not insulate. However, in the case of cables marketed in the audio sector with air or AIR insulation, for example, the individual conductor wires are provided with an insulating layer of varnish, which has significantly poorer dielectric values than PTFE, for example. In addition, this insulating layer is often applied using structurally damaging high-temperature processes, which often negatively affect the quality of the conductor's material structure. This is clearly not the case with SCHNERZINGER.

Our test runs utilizing various isolators – starting with best polyethylene PTFE, FEP, across foamed material, natural fabric, like unbleached cotton or silk up to extremely expensive and exotic approaches with costly inert gas and specifically deployed battery voltage - confirm the enormous importance of the often underestimated dielectric.  

However, the contradiction between high insulation on the one hand and lowest storage capacity on the other hand could not be solved so satisfactorily with any of these approaches that it did not lead to a limitation of the performance potential of the SCHNERZINGER SIGNAL CONDUCTOR.

DIELECTRIC CHARGING

A time consuming production process, DIELECTRIC CHARGING, counteracting the adherence ("parking") of the electrical charge at the dielectric, provided SCHNERZINGER the crucial progress and breakthrough.

To better illustrate this sound-degrading memory effect, one can imagine that the individual signals flowing through a wire are attracted to the dielectric, "park" there, and are carried away again by subsequent signals.

SCHNERZINGER research shows that this effect results in a slowed down, time-delayed electron flow, counteracting the crucial target of time correct and integrated signal processing.

Therefore an ideal isolation material is a dielectric without both attractive and buffer effect; a requirement profile, many manufacturers work on with major effort.

The production process of the DIELECTRIC CHARGING works quasi directly against the memory effect and thus ensures a timely and unrestrained signal flow, which is essential for an unimpaired playback quality. Even wires operated without dielectric, i.e. surrounded by pure air, were at a disadvantage sonically compared to DIELECTRIC CHARGING!

For a simple understanding of DIELECTRIC CHARGING, you can imagine a road with many intersections: 

It is not by improving the road surface, but by reducing the number of intersections that one achieves significant progress toward unimpeded traffic flow.

BACKGROUND 

In theory electrical signal propagates in vacuum with the speed of light (c). Cable connection limits the speed, copper conductor for example to about 9/10 of the speed of light. The ration of actual speed to speed of light is known as speed factor VOP (Velocity Propagation Factor). This number describes the transmission speed of a material compared to the speed of light in vacuum in percent.

Here even foamed PTFE reaches 85% only.

Material                                 VOP

Geschäumtes PTFE                85%

FEP                                         69%

Silikon                                53-69%

TFE                                         69%

Polyethylen                             66%

PVC                                   35-58%

Nylon                                 47-53%

ATOMIC BONDING vs. Monocrystalline OCC und UPOCC Leitermaterial

In contrast to the often only temporarily effective advantages of established treatment and manufacturing processes on the reproduction quality of high-quality audio cables, e.g. cryogenization or OCC or UPOCC casting processes, SCHNERZINGER cables with ATOMIC BONDING conductors enable an audibly purer and unrivaled true-to-life signal transmission - and this permanently! 

In order to recognize the essential advantage of the SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING technology compared to conventional methods, some background knowledge about the industrial processing of wires used as conductor material in the audio sector is required:

CONVENTIONAL CASTING METHODS:

To manufacture the conductor material in most audio cables, thick copper or silver strands are repeatedly drawn through so-called drawing dies until the wires are thin enough for further use. Every drawing process means enormous mechanical stress, which causes the crystalline grain structure of the wires to disintegrate into many crystals. In a sense, the audio signals have to find their way through many of these grain structures. The flow through the grain boundaries from grain to grain creates an enormous resistance potential every time, which is known to cause slowed signal transport.

The more complex casting process is therefore often used for higher-quality audio cables. Here, liquid copper or silver is continuously poured into molds, which results in longer grain structures. In the even more complex monocrystalline OCC or UPOCC (Ultra-Pure Ohno Continuous Casting) process, the molds are even heated and slowly cooled to prevent the material from solidifying too quickly. This process was developed by Prof. Ohno in the 1980s for industry so that fewer cracks occur in the sheet metal when the copper strands are rolled out

INNOVATIVE APPROACH WITH ATOMIC BONDING:

SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING, on the other hand, takes a completely different approach:

To easily get the idea of the innovative development approach ATOMIC BONDING, simply envision a conducting wire as a pipe filled with ice cubes, whereby the ice cubes symbolically illustrate the inner grain structure of the wire.

Since long-chain metal structures are quite sensitive and easily disintegrate again after the manufacturing process, e.g. due to vibrations and bending processes, ATOMIC BONDING is a technologically extremely complex process which does not aim at bonding individual ice cubes to form a closed, long-chain monostructure, but on the contrary at crushing the cubes. This results in the smallest ice structure components, which can subsequently be compressed into a stable, homogeneous ice mass with very high cohesive forces in the tube.

A compacted, fused mass of ice has a closed, extremely stable structure - without any gaps. This fact forms the basis for a highly pure and perfect impulse chain - for a true-to-life signal transmission.

BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER - KONKURRENZLOSER STÖRFELDSCHUTZ

Each SCHNERZINGER cable is designed to provide unique and effective protection of the signal against both low-frequency and high-frequency interference - without reducing the signal bandwidth and signal speed in the slightest - with its BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER.

By foregoing the use of compromising dummy solutions such as capacitors, diodes, parallel or series filters, which are often used in common market solutions, SCHNERZINGER CABLES transport the audio signal with breathtaking and hitherto unattained authenticity and information density. Electronic braking and carry-over effects are reduced to a maximum, the bad influence of high-frequency interference fields on the quality of the reproduction is effectively prevented.

The double interference field protection of the BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER blocks and stops 

  • the introduction of external interference fields radiating via the mains and cables into the signal path
  • the forwarding of internal interference fields caused by the components themselves within the audio chain.
 
Due to the increase in wireless transmission technology and modern media use, e.g. WLAN, Power-LAN, cell phones, etc., increasingly complex high-frequency interference fields are radiating into the wired transmission path of the audio signal. Although shielded audio cables, which are often used, provide protection in the classic AF range, they draw the aforementioned high-frequency interference fields even more strongly into the sensitive signal path ("antenna effect"). Sensitive quality losses in the playback and a limited music enjoyment are the result. 
 

The BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER enables for the first time a truly contemporary, highly effective interference field protection for the sound information transported in the cable. The pure and unaltered transmission of the signal results in significantly better dynamics, resolution, rhythm and fine detail. 

The full sound potential of the hi-fi components is preserved and the quality and performance of the music system can unfold 100%.

In case of very strong interference field loads, the effectiveness of the BIDIRECTIONAL BARRIER can be increased for the cables of the TS-LINE and the RESOLUTION LINE for the cleaning of external interference fields by an optional power amplifier, the CABLE PROTECTOR

For the RESOLUTION LINE, SCHNERZINGER also offers the optional SIGNAL PROTECTOR, an effective power amplifier for diverting the internal interference fields that have penetrated the signal path to the outside.

BETTER GEOMETRY - uncompromising cable design

In order to take full advantage of close-meshed interlocking constructions - without accepting their electromagnetic problems - SCHNERZINGER relies on a combination of intelligent superstructures and revolutionary technologies.

GEOMETRY - twisting, interlacing or parallel cable constructions

The design of a cable must be mechanically stable, create a homogeneous electromagnetic field between and around the conductors, and ensure the time-correct, and loss-free signal flow.

Efforts to use elaborate stranding and braiding techniques to counteract the problems of mutual interference often fail.

Twisted constructions reduce the susceptibility to interference, and typically result in a low inductance, which is usually targeted. However, as soon as current flows through a wire, its own electromagnetic field is generated. If the cores are twisted, the electromagnetic fields of the individual wires are close together over a large area, acting on each other and impairing the flow of electrons, which is why solid conductors are often used instead of stranded wires.

Braided constructions also typically reduce susceptibility to interference, but accept the effects of a constant but permanent change in the electrical environment of the individual conductors relative to each other, and it is this that leads to electromagnetic clutter, which in turn affects electron flow.

Parallel constructions with conductors running in parallel are not very resistant to external interference fields and favor the proximity effect, which also impairs the flow of electrons due to eddy currents that are generated.

To realize a full speed and even electron flow, the electrical parameters and the electromagnetic fields should remain constant and homogeneous across the entire cable length. The requirement of a mechanically stable design is often underrated, although this is an important factor in order to adhere to constant conditions.

In order to take full advantage of close-meshed interlocking constructions without accepting their electromagnetic problems, SCHNERZINGER relies on a combination of intelligent superstructures and revolutionary technology:

BETTER GEOMETRY uses a high-tech process to directly absorb electrosmog and virtually neglect resulting electromagnetic problems.

CABLE COATING – static problem catcher

Plastic fabric hoses are used by many manufacturers as outer sheathing. They look fancy, are inexpensive, and make manufacturing easier. But the fact is that the outer jacket definitely affects the sound quality of a cable.
In the case of plastics, for example, static charges can occur that impair electron transport. 

As a so-called "tuning measure", antistatic agents are then often offered as accessories to counteract the inadequacies of these materials.

We therefore deliberately dispense almost entirely with plastic fabric tubes, which may make a cable appear professionally manufactured, but in our opinion do not belong in a sonically consistent development chain.

BETTER FLOW -

The BETTER FLOW principle, through the extraordinary quality of the SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING conductor material and the consistent use of the highest quality bonding techniques and components, plays a major role in ensuring the unique reproduction quality and special features of SCHNERZINGER CABLES.

CONDUCTOR MATERIAL GRADE

Conventional untreated conductor material consists of many short crystalline grain structures, which furthermore conditional of manufacturing are laying in an inappropriate assembly. So to some extend the information has to find its diffuse way through many grain structures. Flowing through the grain boundary junctions from grain to grain implies an enormous resistance potential und thus causes a slowed down signal transmission. In addition information transmission virtually swirls in the grain boundary voids, so tones belonging together are time delayed and torn apart. Above all grain boundary voids allow deformations of the grain structure. This in turn may result in grain contact points, whose resonances may distort the information.

The SCHNERZINGER ATOMIC BONDING conductor material minimizes these sound-influencing effects by providing a permanently compact and enormously homogeneous microstructure of the conductor.

 

CONNECTOR - COMPONENTS, MATERIAL

Our research shows, that the parts performance potential is primarily determined by the crystalline structure of the deployed material rather than by the material itself. Performance deficits because of a non-optimum crystalline material structure of a connector plug may be compensated via clever actions.
With many connector plugs in the audio domain a layer of gold, silver, rhodium, palladium etc. will be added to the conducting material. This improves electrical contact and - via the distinct character of the particular plating - it furthermore allows for compensation of deficits.

But we strive for the solution, not just a compensation of a problem, so we employ connector plugs that are adjusted to the fabric of the SCHNERZINGER CONDUCTOR via the complex process ATOMIC BONDING. We disassemble all plugs into their individual parts and replace the contact pins by ATOMIC BONDING formatted pins. To perfectly protect the contact pins against interfering fields and to establish double operational reliability, the plug receives a two-shelled housing. To reduce contact resistance, after assembly plugs and conductor together will be ATOMIC BONDING processed once again.

Compared to the complexity and effect of these actions the significance of the original material characteristic is secondary.

The decision in favor of the now employed connector plugs was done after a multitude of comparisons utilizing the best respected plugs and sockets of the world market.

Price and reputation of the tested devices were of minor importance, as the costs of ATOMIC BONDING by far exceed the costs of expensive plugs.

We explicitly indicate, that - because of the structural adjustment of plugs and conductor material - any back fitting to other plugs will drastically degrade sound quality, thus irreparably destroy the SCHNERZINGER original connection.